Our Scott Vets Vaccination Amnesty 1st – 30th November
Vaccinations in Dogs – what diseases do we vaccinate against?
• Canine Parvovirus
This is a highly contagious, potentially fatal viral disease. It is spread through infected faeces and can survive in the environment for several years. Symptoms include severe fever, vomiting and severe diarrhoea.
Vaccination is the ONLY certain method of preventing this devastating disease. Unfortunately, we still regularly treat unvaccinated dogs with this disease but treatment is very costly and a number of dogs die despite the best treatment.
• Canine Distemper
This, less common, but highly contagious viral disease can be fatal. It affects the breathing, digestive and nervous systems and usually leads to death.
If they survive they can suffer from seizures, twitches and tremors for the rest of their lives. It is spread as an airborne infection and vaccination continues to be the only effective means of prevention.
• Infectious Canine Hepatitis
This is a viral infection that effects the liver and can cause permanent liver damage and sometimes death. It is fairly uncommon in the UK, but it still exists and can be fatal
This is a bacterial infection which targets the liver and kidneys leading to jaundice, kidney failure and death. This bacteria can be contracted from the environment, especially around waterways and areas exposed to rat urine.
It may also be transmitted to people causing an equally serious disease called Weil’s disease.
What diseases do we vaccinate against in Cats?
1. Feline Panleukopenia (Feline infectious Enteritis)
This is a disease which is similar to parvovirus in dogs and which can be devastating.
It is particularly dangerous for kittens and young cats, causing severe vomiting and diarrhoea which can be fatal even with treatment.
The virus is spread in infected faeces and can survive in the environment for very long periods. Vaccination can prevent this disease.
This is a very common respiratory viral infection usually caused by either herpesvirus or calicivirus. This is a highly contagious disease passed from cat to cat through the air.
Catflu causes similar signs to human flu – sneezing, watery eyes, runny nose, loss of appetite, mouth ulcers and can sometimes cause pneumonia. They can be left with lifelong health problems including chronic sinusitis, dental disease and recurrent eye inflammation.
Cats infected with catflu can carry the virus for long periods with some not showing symptoms, while spreading the virus to any unvaccinated cat they meet.
Regular vaccinations are needed to give your cat ongoing protection, especially if there are any stray or feral cats in your area.
3. Feline Leukaemia (FeLV)
This is a very important viral infection of cats. The virus causes immunosuppression (destroys the cat’s immune system), anaemia as well as cancer.
The virus is spread by direct contact with other cats and can also pass from mother to kittens while pregnant. Vaccination is therefore vital for this disease, particularly in kittens as they tend to be most susceptible to FeLV infection.